The violence occurred primarily in the eastern neighborhoods of Wadi Joz and Issawiya, but also reached the more central Jewish-Arab neighborhood of Abu Tor. Overnight, firebombs were also hurled at a Jewish home in the neighborhood of Silwan, known to Jews as the "City of David."
Police used stun grenades to disperse some of the rioters. They also stopped two busloads of Israeli Arabs from the Galilee from reaching the city.
The Galilee Arabs, as well as hundreds of Bedouins from southern Israel believed to be en route to the capital, were answering the call of Palestinian Authority Minister of Jerusalem Khatem Abd el-Kader, who on Sunday urged all local Muslims to make their way to Jerusalem to defend the Al Aqsa Mosque from the Jews.
The response to that call coincided with Monday's rededication of the ancient Hurva Synagogue in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem's Old City. Originally built in the 1800s, the Hurva Synagogue was destroyed twice by Muslims, most recently by the Jordanians during Israel's War of Independence.
Police feared the Hurva Synagogue would be a point of attack for the rioters, and deployed hundreds of officers at the ceremony.
Former Palestinian Authority prime minister Ahmed Qureia told the Bethlehem-based news agency Ma'an that the Hurva and the new Jewish building project in the northeastern Jerusalem neighborhood of Ramat Shlomo were only the latest provocations that would result in a new Palestinian Arab terrorist uprising.