Germany’s Secret Service Agency (BND) is working with the Mossad, Israel’s secret service agency, to arrange ways to place Israeli agents in Middle Eastern countries. This cooperation comes in response to recent Iranian nuclear threats. The BND has provided the Mossad with German identifications papers, which belong to people who will never know their identities are being utilized. Israelis have used the identification of dead people in the past, but due to advanced technology are no longer able to do so. Israelis have been using German documentation for spy services since the 1950s, and have drastically increased their use of these identification apers over the past 5 years.