An internal Israeli Foreign Ministry report assesses that Iran will act to rebuild Hizballah even under the current limitations imposed by resolution 1701. The report says that Iran wants Hizballah to ignore the weapons ban south of the Litani and will simultaneously attempt to re-supply Hizballah with arms and missiles that could hit the Israeli population, even if they are fired from north of the Litani.
According to the authors of the report, Iran will rebuild the ruined infrastructure in the Shiite areas, both in south Beirut (Dahya neighborhood) and the Shiite villages in southern Lebanon, all for the purpose of garnering support of the Shiite population. Due to the high price of fuel, and the large foreign currency revenue it has, Iran can economically allocate enough funds for that effort.
Iran has realized that Hizballah will keep its military capabilities and will not be dismantled. Iran has also expressed its satisfaction with Hizballah’s military standing against Israel, and as such will act to rehabilitate it as soon as possible.
The report also says that in the eyes of Teheran, the war was not a just a battle between Israel and Hizballah, but part of a greater attempt, led by the United States, to change the face of the Middle East and roll back the Iranian influence which has grown rapidly since the war in Iraq.
According to the report, the Iranian support of Hizballah is based on both ideology (spreading of the Islamic revolution) and personal interests (Teheran’s long arm against Israel, both as a deterrent and as a strike force when the time arrives). This is why Iran is not interested in the erosion of Hizballah.
On the diplomatic front, the authors say, Teheran will want to show involvement, in order to protect its ally (Hizballah) and to create a linkage between the Lebanese issue and the nuclear issue currently on the world stage.