Generations have attempted to correctly understand this biblical portrayal, Jews as well as Christians, Bible experts and intellectuals. They try to arrange a timeline of events in the Gog and Magog prophecies. The vision differs from all the other prophecies in the Bible because it clearly highlights the prophetic horizon. It has to do with an event that signifies the end of human history. But the words only reveal to us what will happen, not when. The identity of Gog in the land of Magog, God’s adversary, the personified defiance against God’s authority, is likewise not clear. “Son of man, set your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him” (Ezekiel 38:2).
The prophet describes how all the nations submit to Gog to challenge God together. In Ezekiel’s list of nations, there are two that stand out, and those are the Persians and the Turks. As regards the modern identity of the other nations, these are widely disputed. But it is interesting that the two nations we can...
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