Haggai was prophesying for a short time after the return of the children of Israel from Babylon. Persia was ruling over Judea and Jerusalem (520 BC). The aim was to rebuild the Temple, but the timing for that was to be determined by God. “Is it time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses while this house lies desolate?” (Haggai 1:4). At the time the nation of Israel was going through a low period spiritually, as well as financially. But political developments appeared to be giving the nation fresh hopes. “For thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘Once more in a little while, I am going to shake the heavens and the earth, the sea also and the dry land. And I will shake all the nations; and they will come with the wealth of all nations; and I will fill this house with glory” (Chapter 2:6-7).
However, the leaders in the nation were not united. On the one side, Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judea, was taking charge, and on the other Joshua, son of Jehozadak, the...
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