Even if the term Zionism made its debut on the international stage as a national movement rather late in history, it is not a completely new dream. The return of the Jews to their historical homeland is as old as their first and second dispersal into exile. After each uprooting from their biblical homeland, the Jewish people always had only one goal: back to Zion. The Psalms say: “If I forget you Jerusalem, then my right hand will wither.” For Jews, Zionism is a biblical fact; for other peoples, it is a catastrophe.
In the biblical exodus of the children of Israel from Egypt and in the book of Joshua, the Zionist idea could be identified for the first time, even if the word Zion only appears later in the book of the prophet Samuel, when King David took the stronghold of Zion. Anyone who opposes today’s Zionism, which emerged at the end of the 19th century as a response to growing antisemitism, cannot at the same time approve of the Zionists national movement under Moses and Joshua.
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