MembersHistory of the Holy Sepulcher: Where Jesus was Crucified, Buried and Rose Again

Why did Constantine build his church on this location? How many times has it been destroyed and rebuilt? And why’s it so important?

By Rachel Avraham | | Topics: CHRISTIANS
Fransiscan monks pray inside the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem's Old City.
Fransiscan monks pray inside the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem's Old City. Photo: Nati Shohat/Flash90

For many Christians around the world, Jerusalem is one of the holiest cities in the world,. Christians believe that it was in the City of David that their Messiah, Lord and Savior Jesus Christ was crucified, buried and resurrected. Christian tourists from across the world have long flocked to Jerusalem. For this reason, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, which is often referred to as the Church of the Resurrection, was built in an area that now falls within the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem. Since 1960, the Armenian, Greek and Latin churches have been responsible for the upkeep of this ancient shrine.

The history of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher dates to the days of Constantine the Great, who converted the entire Roman Empire to Christianity. Prior to his conversion, Christianity was brutally repressed by the Romans. According to Eusebius, “countless numbers” of Christians perished between the 1st century and 4th century, starting under the reign of Nero following the Great Fire and until the Edict of Milan.

Nevertheless, Kosta Kafarakis, writing in The Church...

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