Why Is Russia Really Opening a Consulate in Jerusalem?

The move is a boost to Israel’s claim to the Holy City, but that’s certainly not Moscow’s motivation.

By Pesach Benson | | Topics: Russia, Jerusalem
Russian Ambassador to Israel Anatoly Viktorov during a press conference last year. Photo by Flash90
Russian Ambassador to Israel Anatoly Viktorov during a press conference last year. Photo by Flash90

(TPS) Russia and Israel signed an agreement to open a consulate office in Jerusalem, Israel’s Foreign Ministry and the Russian embassy announced on Friday.

The agreed-upon location in central Jerusalem resolves a long-running dispute over a plot of land located at the corner of what is now King George V and Ma’alot Streets. The plot of land was purchased by Russia in 1885.

The Jerusalem Municipality is reportedly relinquishing claims on years of unpaid taxes, as well as cancelling a plan to expropriate a portion of the property for the construction of a light rail line on King George St., a main traffic artery.

The site of the planned consular office is currently being used as a parking lot. The announcements did not indicate a timetable for when construction will begin or when the Russians hope to open the consulate.

Just a 2-minute walk from Israel Today’s editorial offices in central Jerusalem sits the parking lot where the new Russian embassy branch will be built. Photo by Yonatan Sindel/Flash90

Why now?

Professor Ze’ev Khanin, an expert on post-Soviet politics and society at Bar Ilan University, told the Tazpit Press Service that there were several factors behind the timing of the agreement.

“There are very few Western countries that are ready to have anything to do with Russia. It’s important for them that Israel as a Western country is able or ready to sign an agreement. They need to show to the Russian public any success in a foreign policy issue. That’s what they need at the moment,” Khanin explained.

Another reason, Khanin said, is that “Putin is desperate to reach understandings and get support from the Arab countries, like the Saudi bloc.” Opening a consulate in Jerusalem signals to the Arabs that “Russia has other options in the Middle East.”

Khanin also noted that the agreement on the consulate was actually reached a month ago, but the announcement’s timing may also be a counterweight to Ukrainian First Lady Olena Zelenska’s visit to Israel this week.

Khanin said that “Israel is interested to keep a balanced relationship with Russia, meaning our interest on the northern borders like Syria and so on,” referring to Israeli airstrikes against Iran and its proxy terror groups. Israel and Russia have security coordination to avoid firing on each other, but that arrangement has been strained by the war in Ukraine.

See: Dangerous Disconnect Between Israel and Russia in Syria

Then there’s the issue of Russian Orthodox Church properties in the  Holy Land.

That issue, he explained, goes back 20 years to the unification of the Russian Orthodox Church, which split during the Bolshevik Revolution. The church owns dozens of properties in Jerusalem and more around Israel that were purchased in the 19th century.

“Now Russia is demanding these properties back. Some properties have been returned, and it’s in Russia’s interests to get the rest of the properties back. It has a lot to do with church politics,” Khanin said. “Israel wants to close this chapter on the church properties.”

See: Putin Wants Ownership of Jerusalem Churches

Khanin stressed that a number of European countries also maintain consulates in Jerusalem, so the fact that Russia is doing likewise “is not dramatic.”

Russia unexpectedly recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in April 2017, but maintains its embassy in Tel Aviv.

Only the US, Guatemala, Honduras and Kosovo maintain embassies in Jerusalem.


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One response to “Why Is Russia Really Opening a Consulate in Jerusalem?”

  1. Disciple 1978 says:

    I heard that the Russian Orthodox Church was re-established by Stalin after WWll and that its ruled by KGB staff. Why else might a Jerusalem footprint be important to a nation that is prophesied to be involved in the Ezekiel 38 invasion?

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