In the twelfth year of King Xerxes, in the first month, the month of Nisan, they cast the pur (that is the lot) in the presence of Haman to select a day and month. And the lot fell on the twelfth month the month of Adar. (Esther 3:7 NIV)
Dispatches were sent by couriers to all the king’s provinces with the order to destroy, kill and annihilate all the Jews – young and old, women and little children – on a single day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar, and to plunder their goods. (Esther 3:13 NIV)
Immediately following these verses in the Book of Esther, we read that Mordechai the Jew refuses to bow down to Haman. Haman is maddened by this, to say the least, and demands Mordechai’s head, and the destruction of the entire Jewish people along with him. He throws down a “Pur,” or “lot” [today we might use dice]. “Fate” thus decrees that on the 13th day of the 12th month (the month of Adar), they will kill all...
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