The theologian and researcher into anti-Semitism, Dr. Rudolf Pfisterer (1914-2005), alerted me to the difference between Jewish expectation and Christian hope. He was the publisher of the six volume edition The History of Anti-Semitism (published in German). We both fought against the superficial theology that is the source of many prejudices.
The Hebrew word for hope is tikva – תִקוָה. The importance of the word in Judaism is evident: Israel’s first new town in modern times was called Petach Tikva, the Gate of Hope. The concept is found in the Bible: “We have been unfaithful to our God…yet now there is hope for Israel in spite of this” (Ezra 10:2).
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