The dilemma of trying to live together in a nation-state made up of religious and secular Jews is one of the main reasons that Israel to this day does not have a constitution. From the beginning, the Zionist leaders recognized the danger in penning a dogmatic social agenda that would favor either the religious or the secular, and further divide the nation.
They chose instead to preserve the situation as is, with some Orthodox Jewish and some secular regulations. They called it the status quo, as it continues to be known today in Hebrew.
Discussions on the kind of Jewish culture and traditions appropriate for a modern democratic Jewish state began back in 1900 at the Fourth Zionist Congress in London. Religious delegates insisted that they have the same voting rights as the majority secular representatives. They believed that the Zionist Movement as a whole should only concern itself with the issues of settling the Land and foreign affairs, while matters of Jewish tradition and regulations in the new Jewish state should be determined...
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