Israel-Qatar Cooperation?

Reconciliation between Qatar and its Persian Gulf neighbors is expected to lead to renewed relations with Israel

By Yossi Aloni | | Topics: Qatar
Skyline of Doha, Qatar
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Photo: Romain Pontida/Creative Commons

According to Israeli intelligence analysis, official diplomatic relations with Qatar will help Israel mainly at the political level, including calming tensions with Turkey and gaining stability with Gaza. On the economic front, relations will allow cooperation with Qatar, one of the richest countries in the world, in a variety of fields, including energy, industry, agriculture and water, and pharma.

Qatar and its neighbors in the Persian Gulf are making peace after having had deadly tensions for several years. Reconciliation between Qatar and its neighbors, in parallel with the political and economic rapprochement between some Gulf states and Israel, may well lead to a breakthrough in relations between Jerusalem and Doha (the capital of Qatar). This is stated in an analysis document by the Israel Ministry of Intelligence, which was published Thursday following developments in the Gulf.

Qatar decided to sever its official economic relations with Israel in 2009 following “Operation Cast Lead,” but relations between the parties are still maintained to an extent. There is some dialogue and coordination on the Palestinian issue.

In 2017, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt severed ties with Qatar on the grounds that it supports terrorism, and shortly afterwards Qatar announced full relations with the Saudis’ great rival, arch-enemy Iran. And now a process of reconciliation between Qatar and those same neighbors has begun.

The economic power of Qatar, one of the richest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita, depends exclusively on natural gas exports. It is the world’s leading exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG). This gives it broad regional and even international political influence. Qatar is in constant competition to maintain this influence.

According to the document from the Ministry of Intelligence, official relations with Qatar will help Israel mainly at the political level – in building a “bridge” to the Muslim Brotherhood camp. They will also help calm Israel’s tensions with Turkey and build security and economic stability within the Gaza Strip. On the civil-economic side, Qatar will be able to provide the Israeli energy economy with a backup supply of liquefied gas, invest in Israeli industry, and be a consumer of Israeli products in the areas of agriculture, water systems and pharmacology. There is also potential for cooperation between Israel and Qatar in the fields of aviation and tourism, and for exchange of foreign workers.

Palestinians take part in a rally in support of Qatar, inside Qatari-funded construction project ‘Hamad City’, in the southern Gaza Strip, on June 9, 2017.

From a security point of view, Qatar could be a potential consumer of Israeli weapons and technology systems. However, the authors of the document believe that the tensions between Doha and its neighbors, which are expected to continue even after the reconciliation, may complicate deals with Qatar in this area.

Minister of Intelligence Eli Cohen: “The agreement between Saudi Arabia and Qatar brings normalization of relations between Israel and Qatar closer. It is expected that after the rapprochement between the countries, Qatar will abandon relations with extreme Islamist elements. And so it will strengthen its ties with countries in the Gulf and the West in general, and Israel in particular. Relations between Israel and Qatar have great potential for both sides, including economic cooperation in a variety of areas.


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